A.   The Constitution and the Legal System:

         The Indian government and all of its functions are created and authorized by the Constitution of India, which was passed by the legislative assembly on January 26, 1950. Importantly, it contains a list of fundamental rights of the citizens of India. It is the longest written constitution in the world.

          Much of the laws governing the country have been legislated, and it is enforced through a judicial system, based on the common law system, that interprets the codified law as required by the case before the court. This has resulted in a large body of case law that serves as precedent. Both, statutes and case law, go as far back as 1860s, evidencing a mature and stable legal system.