D. Employment Of Workers:
A complex mesh of laws, legislated by both the Central and State governments, regulates the employment of labor.
Employer-Labor Relationship: The central piece of legislation that governs the relationship of an employer and industrial worker is the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, which seeks to curtail unfair labor practices by setting out conditions for the dismissal and laying off of an employee, the conditions for a lawful strike by the labor or lock-out by management, and mechanisms for the investigation and resolution of labor related disputes. The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 requires employers to clearly state the conditions of employment to their workers.
Trade Unions: Labor in India may form unions under the Trade Unions Act, 1926.
Wages: The payment of wages is regulated by the Payment of Wages Act, 1936, and minimum wages have been established for certain industries under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948. The Employees Provident and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 created a scheme for compulsory savings to ensure a source of income for workers after they had retired. Subsequent legislation has been enacted for the payment of bonus in certain industries based upon certain criteria, under the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 and the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.
Health & Safety: The Factories Act, 1948 provides for the health and safety of the factory worker by providing the licensing of factories and their inspection. The Workmens Compensation Act, 1923 provides for the compensation of an injured worker or his family in the event of his death.